Licensed flying -So, you want to be a pilot ?
Learning to fly is one of the most rewarding of challenges, whether youíre learning to fly on foot or wheels.Students remember their first solo and their final flight test for the rest of their lives.The Microlight Pilotís Licence
The National Private Pilotís Licence (NPPL) is a UK specific pilotís licence developed in 2002. It is not an internationally recognised licence and does not automatically entitle the holder to fly aircraft in other countries.
The NPPL may include in it aircraft Class Ratings that allow the holder to fly specific classes of aircraft, such as microlights.
To obtain a NPPL with a Microlight Class Rating you must complete flight training with a UK Civil Aviation Authority authorised flying instructor entitled to instruct on microlights.
The minimum age to start flying training towards the grant of the licence is 14 years. There is no maximum age. You can go solo at 16 and be granted your licence when you are 17.
The medical requirements are explained below.
Flight Training Requirements
(A syllabus may be downloaded from the NPPL Web site by following this link
or purchased from the BMAA on-line shop by following this link
The Microlight Class Rating can be issued with either of two options. The options are Without Operational Limitations or With Operational Limitations.
The minimum flight training required for the grant of a NPPL with a Microlight Class Rating With Operational Limitations is:
Minimum total flight time under instruction 15 hours
Minimum flight time solo 7 hours
The Operational Limitations at initial issue are:
- The licence is valid for flight in the UK only
- The pilot may not carry any passenger
- The pilot may not fly with a cloud base less than 1000 feet above ground level or with less than 10 kilometres visibility
- The pilot may not fly further than 8 nautical miles from take off.
The minimum flight training required for the grant of a NPPL with a Microlight Class Rating Without Operational Limitations is:
Minimum total flight time under instruction 25 hours
Minimum flight time solo 10 hours
Minimum total navigation flight time 5 hours
Minimum solo navigation flight time 3 hours
As part of your flight training you must take and pass a test with an authorised flight examiner to demonstrate your ability to fly a microlight through all the manoeuvres that you will have learned during training. The test is called a General Skills Test (GST). The flight time of the GST can count towards the minimum total flight time required to obtain the NPPL but not towards the solo minimum time.
To ensure that when your licence is issued your skill level and knowledge is current you must have completed the minimum solo flight time, all the navigation flight training and the GST within the nine month period immediately prior to applying for your licence.Ground Training Requirements
The Microlight syllabus lists the subject matter that an applicant for a Microlight Class Rating must understand. There is no minimum requirement for training by an instructor to achieve this knowledge but the applicant must have demonstrated a knowledge of the subject matter by passing examinations.
There are written examinations in five subjects. Meteorology, Navigation, Aviation Law, Human Performance and Limitations and Aircraft Technical subjects. The examinations must have been passed within the twenty four months immediately prior to applying for your licence.
There is one further examination to complete your demonstration of knowledge of the aircraft type that you have used to complete your GST. This examination is an oral examination and must be conducted by a flight examiner entitled to examine in microlight aircraft. It is usual, but not required, that the examination is conducted at the same time as the GST by the same examiner. The ground oral examination must have been passed within the nine months immediately prior to applying for your licence.
Application for the grant of a NPPL with a Microlight Class rating must be made in writing on the NPPL Microlight Licence application form through the BMAA Licence Administration Centre at the BMAA office address. To download the form follow this link.
Removing the Operational Limitations from a NPPL Microlight Class Rating.
To remove Limitation 2 the holder must have completed at least 25 hours of total flying in microlights and at least 10 hours solo flying in microlights. The holderís experience is certified in their log book by a flight examiner and the Limitation ceases to apply from that time.
To remove Limitations 3 and 4 the holder must have completed at least 25 hours of total flying in microlights, at least 10 hours solo flying in microlights. The holder must have completed the navigation training requirements specified in flight Exercise 18 within the nine month period immediately prior to applying to have the limitations removed. Application to have Limitations 3 and 4 removed must be made in writing on the NPPL Microlight Licence application form through the BMAA Licence Administration Centre at the BMAA office address.Medical requirements
A pilot may only fly microlights as Pilot In Command in the UK if they hold valid medical certification.
The NPPL medical certification can be by a Self Declaration signed by the pilot and then countersigned by the pilotís General Practitioner (GP). The pilot must be registered with the GP who countersigns the Declaration and the GP must be a UK registered GP with a current licence to practice. Where a pilot is registered to a Medical Practice it is acceptable that any GP member of the Practice can countersign the Declaration. It is a requirement that the GP who countersigns the Declaration has access to the pilotís medical notes.
Details of the medical requirements and an application form with notes for the pilot and notes for the GP are available from the BMAA web site, follow this link.
Other accepted medical certification may be available, but applicants should check with their instructor prior to solo flight.
The BMAA strongly recommends that student pilots obtain their medical declaration at the start of their training to ensure that they will be able to hold such a medical, and do not wait until just before they are ready to fly solo, by which time they must hold a valid medical.
Time and cost
The hours quoted above are minima that only the most naturally talented young students achieve. The rest of us normally take a little longer. A few achieve their licences within weeks, others take months, and those on a tight budget sometimes take a year or two.
When budgeting for flying training, it is wise to calculate the cost of the minimum number of hours required and then add between 50 and 100% of that cost, depending on how confident you feel of your own ability. Hourly rates vary depending on where the instructor flies from and what his/her overheads are.
In Britain the high cost of fuel will also add to the overall expense. Realistically, a budget of £3.0Ė4.5k should cover your training. It may be possible to learn for less by using your own microlight for your training. Talk to the school before you start, to get an idea of how much it is likely to cost.
Donít forget groundschool. In addition to flying training the student pilot must also learn a number of groundschool subjects that are considered vital to becoming a safe and competent pilot. The best results are always achieved by a combination of attending lessons and private study.
For more information visit the National Private Pilotís Licence website at http://www.nppl.uk.com/, where the syllabus is available for download.
After you get your licence
When you have obtained your licence you need to keep the rating current. Follow the link here for details of what you need to do. Follow this link.